In Nigeria, climatic zone is divided into three main categories: a tropical forest from the south to the north; a savanna in the middle with 800 to 1,200 mm of annual rainfall; and a Sahel, semi-arid land in the north, with 300 to 800 mm of annual rainfall. There are two climatic seasons, rainy season (May to October) and dry season. Since agricultural production mainly relies on rainfalls, the crop cultivation is influenced by seasonality and the amount of rainfalls every year.
In addition to the climatic influence, product losses due to storage and transport methods must be considered.
The result is a lack of vitamins to which is added a very deficient situation for the supply of animal-derived proteins (poultry, etc.). Intensive animal breeding is under development, but due to the precariousness of agricultural supply and for the health situation, the sector must be developed with the support of controlled nutrients for animal welfare and an increase in production.
Presented by Romano Pisciotti