THE TRUCKS AND THE HISTORY OF THE PEOPLES

THE TRUCKS AND THE HISTORY OF THE PEOPLES

Presented by Romano Pisciotti (www.rexfrog.com)

The Fiat 626 was an Italian medium truck that met specifications for the Italian army and air force for military operations prior to World War II. The Fiat 626 NLM operated in Italian North Africa (1940–1943), Italian East Africa (1940–1941), the Balkans (1940–1944), France (1940–1944), and Soviet Union(1941-1943/44).

Fiat 626 column Russia 1941 300x192 THE TRUCKS AND THE HISTORY OF THE PEOPLES Romano Pisciotti

In 1939, the 626 was the first FIAT truck with the advanced cabin and it replaced the models 621 and 633.

The initial version of the 626 for civilian use was the 626N (“N” for Nafta, the Italian for diesel). This was followed by a slightly longer wheelbase version the 626NL (from Nafta Lungo – “diesel long”). The military version for the Italian Army and the Italian Air Force was the 626NLM (for Nafta Lungo Militare)

A reliable workhorse, the FIAT 626 became the standard Italian medium truck and operated on all fronts.

France ordered 1,650 trucks; 700 had been delivered by the time Italy declared war on June 10, 1940. After the Italian armistice with the Allies in September 1943, the FIAT 626 was used by German forces. By 31 January 1945 3,000 had been produced for German use. In 1941, 100 trucks were purchased by the Bulgarian army after Bulgaria became an ally of Germany and Italy. The Bulgarian Army still used the vehicles in 1944-1945, after the country signed an armistice with the Allies’ and participated in the war against Germany.

Production finished in 1948, after 10,000 Fiat 626 had been produced at FIAT’s Turin assembly lines.

 

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Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design

 

Lamborghini Miura Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Lamborghini Miura
Bertone Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Bertone

Presented by Romano Pisciotti – ITALMOTOR

At the beginning of the twentieth century, Italy is a rapidly changing agricultural country under the pressure of the second industrial revolution. The first establishments of the modern era were born in Milan and Turin, many of which were dedicated to the nascent automotive sector. The production is still modest and in the city streets are still the animal-powered carriages to ensure mobility. This is how the “Carradore” workshops were born, which repair and build carriages to move around the city. Like the one inaugurated in 1912 by a young man who arrived under the Mole from the province of Cuneo in search of fortune, it was Giovanni Bertone, who was busy repairing carts.

Nuccio Bertone, son of Giovanni, was born on July 4th 1914

In 1918 Giovanni opened a new office in via Monginevro 119, hired 20 workers and decided to focus on the sector that considers the future: the automobile. The first important order arrives early: build a torpedo on 23 S mechanics, a sports model of the SPA (Società Piemontese Automobili) of Matteo Cerano and Michele Ansaldi. The work is carried out with care and passion and attracts an order for a high-performance model, the Fiat 501 Sport Siluro Corsa.

Fiat 501 Sport 300x168 Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Fiat 501 Sport
Lancia Lamda 300x245 Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Lancia Lambda

Followed by agreements with other small companies, such as Fast, Chiribiri, Aurea, SCAT and Itala, and soon contacts with the two brands are becoming more and more important: Fiat and Lancia.

More and more appreciated models are coming that allow Bertone to come out unscathed from the Great Depression and to expand acquiring the new factory of Corso Peschiera.

After the war events of World War II, Giovanni, now 61 years old, gradually left the reins of the company to his son Nuccio, just forty years old but already for twenty years in the Bertone world. Its imprint does not wait and within a few years come out some specimens that mark the new stylistic trends of the next decade, such as the Lancia Aprilia Cabriolet and two fascinating variants of the Fiat 1100 made with Vittorio Stanguellini, a racy coupé and a discovery from competition.

Lancia Aprilia Cabriolet Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Lancia Aprilia Cabriolet

In the Fifties,

1954 Alfa Romeo BAT 7 Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
1954 Alfa Romeo BAT 7
BAT 7 Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
BAT 7

Italy finds new vitality singing the songs of the newborn Festival di Sanremo and enthusiastically following the challenges with pedal strokes between Coppi and Bartali. The liberated Europe becomes a great market and the first foreign orders arrive at Bertone. In 1952 those of MG and Bristol, in 1957 is the turn of the NSU, a German brand that entrusts Bertone with the production of Prinz Sport, a small two-cylinder “dressed” with grace by Franco Scaglione, recently at the court of Nuccio. An increase in work that leads the management to think of a larger plant to house the new plants and the employees, which have now reached 550. The building will be ready in 1959 in Grugliasco, just outside Turin. To mark the decade, however, is the collaboration with Alfa Romeo. The first approach is in 1953, when Nuccio entrusted Scaglione with the design of the Giulietta Sprint prototype, a model for which a production limited to 1000 units is planned.

Alfa Romeo Giulietta Spider Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Alfa Romeo Giulietta Spider

The Sixties are the period of the “Dolce Vita”, of the widespread wellbeing, of the mass motorization that runs on the new Autostrada del Sole and crosses the Alps from the newly inaugurated Mont Blanc Tunnel. And they are the years of maximum lightning of Italian touring, the “GT”. A sector that the whole world envies us and that Nuccio and his designers contribute to make famous. From this period some extraordinary models like the Alfa Romeo 2600 Sprint,

Alfa Romeo Sprint  300x200 Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Alfa Romeo Sprint

in coupe and cabriolet version, two Ferrari 250 GT, one called Wax from the name of the client and the other used by Nuccio himself, the Aston Martin DB4 GT “Jet “and the Maserati 5000 GT.

Aston Martin DB4 GT jet Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Aston Martin DB4 GT jet

There are also many prototypes to remember, such as the Chevrolet Corvair Testudo, a concept destined not to have an industrial following and which Nuccio personally guides up to the 1963 Geneva Motor Show, or the 1964 Alfa Romeo Canguro made on the basis of Giulia TZ and Giulia GT in 1965. Without forgetting the “Ferrarina”, the ASA 1000 born from a project by Enzo Ferrari that will never land on the market despite the great interest that aroused. Industrial plans are also going well. From abroad the requests of BMW arrive to realize the 3200 CS

BMW 3200 Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
BMW 3200 CS

and Simca for the 1000 Coupé. From Fiat those for a small discovery based on the 850.

ASA 1000 Ferrarina Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
ASA 1000 Ferrarina

The seventies are still beginning in the name of Taurus with Jarama and Urraco (Lamborghini). But to shake the engine enthusiasts is a futuristic concept created by Gandini on the basis of the Lancia Fulvia HF, the Stratos Zero. A specimen that appears at the Turin Motor Show in 1970 arousing great fanfare and that will have a great competitive future with its road evolution, the Lancia Stratos HF.

Lancia Stratos Zero Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Lancia Stratos Zero
Lancia Stratos Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Lancia Stratos

The years of industrial consolidation begin. 1500 employees work at the Grugliasco plant and production is more intense than ever.

FIAT X19 Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
FIAT X1/9

Merit of the Fiat X1 / 9, small sport signed by the usual Gandini replacing the 850 Spider surpassing it in units produced: 160,000 from 1972 to 1988. And the new agreement with Volvo for the production of the 264 TE limousine and the refined coupé 262 C. Model exhibited for the first time at the Geneva Motor Show and for which Bertone is responsible for the entire production cycle, from the assembly of the raw body to the assembly of mechanical parts and the related road tests.

Volvo 262 C Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Volvo 262 C

The eighties / nineties are a decade of events that will change the course of history, from the explosion of the nuclear reactor at Chernobyl, from the discovery of the ozone hole over the Antardite to the fall of the Berlin Wall. In tale trambusto la Bertone prosegue la strada del rafforzamento industriale e finanziario rinunciando in parte alla realizzazione di concept spettacolari per concentrarsi nella produzione. D’altronde gli impegni sono sempre più severi. Dall’inizio del decennio la Bertone vende direttamente con il proprio marchio la Ritmo Cabrio e la X1/9.

Sono di questi anni pure gli accordi con Citroën e General Motors. Per la casa francese segue lo stile di due importanti modelli, la BX e l’ammiraglia XM. Con la filiale europea del colosso di Detroit Nuccio sigla nel 1987 un accordo commerciale per la produzione della Kadett Cabrio, seguita poi dall’Astra Cabrio e, negli anni seguenti, dalle versioni Coupé e Cabriolet della compatta Opel.

CITROEN XM Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
CITROEN XM

The last decade of the millennium opens with the commitment of Carrozzeria Bertone for the development of innovative technologies.

1994 Bertone ZER Zero Emission Record Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
1994 Bertone ZER (Zero Emission Record)
ZER 300x180 Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
ZER

Eco-compatible expedients that Bertone puts into practice with another prototype with excellent aerodynamics (CX of 0.11): the ZER, acronym of Zero Emission Record.

Porsche Karisma Bertone Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Porsche Karisma Bertone

In this period there are plenty of style car shows like the Karisma of 1994, a strange sedan made on a Porsche basis, or the 1995 Kayak, a sleek coupe with the Lancia brand that some have defined the 2000 Aurelia B20.

Lancia Kayak Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Lancia Kayak

An unusual coupé-wagon based on Calibra, which was exhibited in Geneva in 1996, the Slalom, and the less enthusiastic sport utility derived from the Fiat Brava platform. On the production front, Bertone obtains, first in Italy in the automotive sector, the ISO 9001 quality certification of its Grugliasco plants. Where the top models are the cabriolets built on Opel Astra and Fiat Punto. To make it more sad the decade is the disappearance of Nuccio Bertone on February 26, 1997, a few days before the Geneva Motor Show where an unlikely Suv Alfa Romeo is exhibited.

Nuccio Bertone 1024x769 Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Nuccio Bertone

The novel centenary of the Bertone family has entered by law in the history of Italy with the decree of the Ministry for Cultural Heritage and Activities which attributes to the Bertone Collection of historic cars held in Caprie (TO) the recognition of “national artistic heritage”.

Ferrari Bertone Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Ferrari Bertone
Ferrari 250 GT Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Ferrari 250 GT

… the story continues

Prototipe BMW BIRUSA Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Prototype BMW BIRUSA

 

Bertone Jaguar B99 300x168 Nuccio Bertone, Master of automotive design Romano Pisciotti
Bertone Jaguar B99

Prototipi FIAT

FIAT prototypes never entered production

ItEng.version Prototipi FIAT Romano Pisciotti
It:Eng.version

Romano Pisciotti: prototipi FIAT mai entrati in produzione

Experimental prototype vehicle powered by gas turbine engine, presented by Fiat in April 1954. The engine consists of a two-stage centrifugal compressor coupled to a pure two-stage turbine and a drive turbine connected to a gear reducer unit for the transmission of the motion to the wheels.

Two-seater berlinetta body of excellent aerodynamic profiling, experimented on models in the Wind Tunnel of the Polytechnic University of Turin. The practical tests were carried out on the Caselle airport runway.

Prototipo sperimentale di vettura azionata da turbomotore a gas, presentato dalla Fiat nell’aprile del 1954. Il propulsore è costituito da un compressore centrifugo a due stadi accoppiato a una turbina pure a doppio stadio e ad una turbina motrice collegata a un gruppo riduttore a ingranaggi per la trasmissione del moto alle ruote.

Carrozzeria berlinetta a due posti di ottima profilatura aerodinamica, sperimentata su modelli nella Galleria del Vento del Politecnico di Torino. Le prove pratiche furono effettuate sulla pista dell’aeroporto di Caselle.

 

INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE

Englishfarfalla inglese 300x242 INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti and Italian Farfalla italiana 300x274 INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciottiversion

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CNH 4 300x91 INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti

Historical gallery 300x121 INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti
Historical gallery

farfalla inglese 300x242 INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano PisciottiThe CNH Industrial Village is restructured area – which once housed the workshop for the final revision of the vehicles of the historical complex Fiat SPA Stura – inaugurated in Turin on September 19th 2011, The facility is open to the public to sell, support and present the products of Iveco, Case, New Holland, FPT Industrial; and also the international reference for product launches, meeting, events, congresses and training initiatives.

FIAT 18 P 300x205 INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti
Historical Vehicle Fiat 18P

It comprises an area of over 74,000 m², of which 23,000 m² are covered that include 2,300 m² of historical gallery – one of the most important museums of commercial vehicles in Italy; 8.000 m² for the exhibition of vehicles; the Industrial Village Cafè – bar and restaurant; the Store of CNH Industrial – open to the public – where is possible to buy the branded merchandising products of New Holland, Iveco and FPT Industrial. In front of the location an ample parking for over 200 spaces. The CNH Industrial Village also offers the opportunity to know in detail the facility, the products and the historic vehicles through technical guided visits – conducted by specialized guides in Italian, English, German, French, Spanish and Russian language – which can be booked at the info point of the Industrial Village.

FIAT 507 F Orlandi 300x205 INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti
Historical Vehicle Fiat 507 F Orlandi

A multimedia device (Totem) inside the showroom aims to transmit the message, the value, the vision and the image of CNH Industrial; informing visitors about the new corporate structure by taking vision of all its brands.

 

FIAT 640 N 300x205 INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti
Historical Vehicle Fiat 640N

cnk INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti

Farfalla italiana 300x274 INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano PisciottiIl CNH Industrial Village di Torino è uno spazio ristrutturato – che un tempo ospitava l’officina per la revisione finale veicoli dello storico complesso Fiat SPA Stura – inaugurato il 19 settembre del 2011. La struttura è aperta al pubblico per vendere, assistere e presentare i prodotti di Iveco, Case, New Holland, FPT Industrial; inoltre è il riferimento a livello internazionale per lanci di prodotto, meeting, eventi, congressi ed iniziative di formazione.

FIAT 615 N 300x205 INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti
Historical Vehicle Fiat 615 N
FIAT 682 N3 300x94 INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti
FIAT 682 N3

Si sviluppa su di un’area di 74.000 m² – di cui 23.000 m² coperti all’interno dei quali si trovano:

– 2.300 m2 di galleria storica, uno dei più importanti musei di veicoli insutriali in Italia;

Military Vehicle Corner 300x205 INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti
Historical Gallery Military Vehicles

– 8.000 m2 di esibizione veicoli, il più grande showroom CNH Industrial del mondo;

FIAT 211 R 300x205 INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti
Historical Vehicle Fiat 211 R
New Holland INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti
New Holland

– l’Industrial Village Cafè, bar e ristorante;

– lo Store di CNH Industrial, aperto al pubblico – dove si possono acquistare gli articoli di merchandising griffati dai brand CNH Industrial.

Di fronte alla location un ampio parcheggio interno di oltre 200 posti. Il CNH Industrial Village offre inoltre l’opportunità di conoscere nel dettaglio la struttura, i prodotti ed i veicoli storici attraverso visite tecniche guidate – condotte da guide specializzate in lingua italiana, inglese, tedesca, francese, spagnola e russa – prenotabili presso l’info point dell’Industrial Village.

All’interno dello showroom un dispositivo multimediale (Totem) ha lo scopo di trasmettere la visione e i valori di CNH Industrial e fornire informazione specifiche per ciascuno dei brand.

FIAT FL 12B 300x205 INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti
Historical Vehicle Fiat FL12B
CASE NEW HOLLAND INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti
CASE NEW HOLLAND

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IVECO Daily INDUSTRIAL VILLAGE Romano Pisciotti
IVECO Daily

FIAT 600 Multipla

600 Multipla 300x225 FIAT 600 Multipla Romano Pisciotti
600 Multipla

Presented on January 14, 1956 at the XXXIX Brussels Motor Show, it can in fact be considered one of the forerunners of the modern concept of minivan.

Presentata il 14 gennaio 1956 al XXXIX Salone di Bruxelles, può di fatto essere considerata una delle antesignane del moderno concetto di monovolume.

Vintage 300x168 FIAT 600 Multipla Romano Pisciotti
Vintage

The 4-5 seats version, in addition to the front seat for two people, had a single central rear seat and ample space for luggage between the backrest and the engine compartment; knocking down the seats, it could be transformed into a double bed almost two meters long.

The 6-seater version, in addition to the front seat for two people, had four foldable single seats arranged in two rows; knocking down the seats resulted in a load platform of over 1.75 square meters, fully exploitable, which could be easily accessed through the two doors, one on each side.

TAXI FIAT 600 Multipla Romano Pisciotti
TAXI

The taxi version had a driver’s seat at the front, beside which there was a rubber-covered shelf to support the luggage; on the back, instead, there was a single rear seat and two removable seats, to accommodate up to four passengers.

Multipla FIAT 600 Multipla Romano Pisciotti
Multipla

La versione 4-5 posti, oltre al sedile anteriore per due persone, disponeva di un unico sedile posteriore-centrale e di un ampio spazio per i bagagli tra lo schienale e il vano motore; abbattendo i sedili, poteva essere trasformata in una letto matrimoniale lungo quasi due metri.

La versione 6 posti, oltre al sedile anteriore per due persone, disponeva di quattro sedili singoli ripiegabili disposti su due file; abbattendo i sedili si otteneva un piano di carico di oltre 1,75 metri quadrati, interamente sfruttabile, al quale si poteva comodamente accedere mediante le due porte, una per ogni lato.

La versione taxi disponeva anteriormente di un sedile solo per il guidatore, al fianco del quale c’era un ripiano rivestito in gomma per appoggiare i bagagli; posteriormente montava invece un sedile unico posteriore e due strapuntini estraibili, per ospitare fino a quattro passeggeri.

Versione TAXI FIAT 600 Multipla Romano Pisciotti
Versione TAXI

Designer : Ali Cam Domus Academy Car Design 2011 (HD Final Presentation Video) ”Redesign 600 Multipla(1956)”:

 

Romano Pisciotti: LIKE !

Romano Pisciotti copia 2 300x225 FIAT 600 Multipla Romano Pisciotti

Non è tutto oro

Aggiorno il post ( che lascio invariato sotto a questo aggiornamento) dopo qualche giorno dalla scomparsa di Marchionne. Ho letto sui social tanti messaggi di cordoglio che ricordavano il suo lavoro, ma ho letto anche molti commenti negativi sull’attività di questo manager: esagerati, a mio avviso, in entrambi i sensi.

Sicuramente gli va riconosciuto il merito di aver salvato la FIAT, mentre le critiche riguardano l’ulteriore abbandono dell’Italia da parte del Gruppo. Effettivamente l’impegno sul versante americano è stato notevole e la strategia del Gruppo ha continuato a interessare altri siti produttivi fuori Italia, dunque, l’Italia non è più il paese del core business di FIAT e neppure la sede legale e finanziaria principale. Giusta o sbagliata che possano essere state queste strategie, è ovvio che il Gruppo abbia sfruttato tutte le opportunità offerte dalla globalizzazione, dall’Unione Europea, dalle sovvenzioni dei vari paesi e dalle nuove normative sul lavoro.

Le critiche riguardano maggiormente i contratti di lavoro, ma prescindendo dalle giustificazioni circa la convenienza aziendale, è altrettanto vero che nulla è stato fatto in modo illegale e le critiche andrebbero fatte, (…se tutto ciò è ovviamente a svantaggio delle maestranze) ai governi, ai sindacati e al mondo globalizzato che hanno concesso, avvallato o perorato queste forme di riforme e filosofie post industriali.

Ovviamente le nuove regole del gioco andrebbero viste anche alla luce della coscienza, e della convenienza per il “sistema paese” (il nostro) tanto più che l’Italia ha sempre sostenuto l’azienda FIAT per il principio che “ciò che è buono per FIAT è buono per il paese.”

Personalmente mi hanno infastidito le acclamazioni esagerate nei confronti di questo manager, quasi chiedendo la sua santificazione e ancor più mi preoccupa l’evidenza che, come un tempo si cercavano gli eroi e le narrazioni epiche, troppo spesso solo per cercare l’approvazione popolare in poco edificanti situazioni, oggi si cerchi il manager-eroe per coprire le nefandezze di un mondo che si è globalizzato in modo scomposto, senza regole e privo di idea sociale.

Santo subito 232x300 Non è tutto oro Romano Pisciotti
Santo subito

 

 

 

FIAT Non è tutto oro Romano Pisciotti

Nonostante i successi nelle vendite, Fiat e Lancia chiuderanno con utili operativi in rosso anche nel 2019 e per quest’anno l’Alfa Romeo lavorerà in perdita.

 

ALFADINO. PNG 169x300 Non è tutto oro Romano Pisciotti
AL(F)ADINO

 

Negli stabilimenti di casa si continua a fare cassa…integrazione!

FCA Italy, con attività industriali in vari paesi, non partecipa ai successi del Gruppo date le sue perdite: sei miliardi dal 2012.

 

500 300x300 Non è tutto oro Romano Pisciotti
500

I “piemontesi” sembrano aver trovato…l’America con i marchi Jeep e RAM, nel pacchetto dell’acquisto di Chrysler.

Mike Manley (“Head of Jeep Brand” dal 2011) si è guadagnato sul campo la nomina ad amministratore delegato di FCA.

L’acquisto in liquidazione della Chrysler, con i suoi marchi storici, è stato il vero affare di Marchionne.

 

Da Zurigo non arrivano notizie confortanti sull’ex timoniere del Gruppo, al quale va riconosciuto il merito di aver salvato FIAT dal fallimento anche se da tempo, la storica azienda, non è più un “ miracolo italiano”

 

Auguri a Sergio Marchionne.

Sergio Marchionne Non è tutto oro Romano Pisciotti
Sergio Marchionne

(Romano Pisciotti)