L’ENERGIE NUCLEAIRE EN AFRIQUE… UNE BONNE AFFAIRE ?

Alors qu’une dizaine de pays africains projettent de se tourner vers le nucléaire civil et ont annoncé leur intention de se doter d’une centrale.

Le continent possède 20 % des réserves mondiales d’uranium. Mais le nucléaire civil représente moins de 2 % de sa production énergétique. Potentielle solution pour pallier le déficit d’électricité de l’Afrique, l’énergie atomique séduit de plus en plus. Une dizaine d’États ont déjà annoncé leur intention de se doter d’une centrale. Pour les puissances étrangères, cet engouement est un enjeu commercial de taille et l’occasion d’asseoir un peu plus leur influence sur le continent. Alors que la Chine et la Russie multiplient les projets, les États-Unis tentent de rentrer dans la course.

energia atomica LENERGIE NUCLEAIRE EN AFRIQUE... UNE BONNE AFFAIRE ? Romano Pisciotti

L’Agence internationale de l’énergie n’est pas aussi optimiste que les pays africains. Selon elle, la part de nucléaire dans la production énergétique du continent ne va pas beaucoup augmenter dans les années à venir. En cause, son coût de production, moins compétitif que le renouvelable, mais aussi l’instabilité politique et le contexte sécuritaire tendu des pays intéressés.

https://www.jeuneafrique.com/1089444/politique/infographie-nucleaire-lengouement-africain-aiguise-les-appetits/

Romano Pisciotti : surfer sur le web

NEAR FUTURE FOR OIL

There has been much discussion on the volatility of the price of crude oil: the market rule based on supply and demand, in addition to being subject to the seasonality of consumption and industrial trends, is strongly linked to environmental and social factors that affect the availability of extraction and transportation. Security in some areas of extraction or sea routes is challenged by conflicts or acts of piracy or sabotage, just to name a few well-known issues.

One of the lesser-told factors of the energy crisis that is causing bill costs all over Europe, is the fact that this summer less wind has blown. Especially in the north of the continent, in 2021 the strength of the currents was between 10 and 15% lower than the expected average…slowing down the wind turbines that were supposed to guarantee energy.

pale 300x166 NEAR FUTURE FOR OIL Romano Pisciotti

In fact, it could be said that climate change has already impacted the solutions available to combat climate change!

Even if the human impact on global warming is minimal compared to natural cycles, we must certainly act on the part that depends on us.

Unfortunately, regardless of the will of the various countries to break away from the servitude of fossil fuels, it must be admitted that the renewable sources available are not yet capable of guaranteeing a real ecological transition. Perhaps this is the real reason for the unenthusiastic approach to “changes” of many Rulers … if not for the generic statements that commit the distant future more than the present and more for coal alone.

Except for the young people who follow Greta, animated by youthful dreams and impulses, everyone can understand that forcing the industry with too rapid change could mean a stalemate or the destruction of the economies of many countries, if not the whole world. After all, no one – not even most young dreamers – is willing to make a drastic life change.

Economic collapse is as dangerous as the effects of climate change.

We could easily have a large amount of energy from hydroelectric and nuclear sources, but there is already an endless discussion about the safety and disposal of nuclear waste or other environmental discussions related to large dams.

The political and industrial commitment must be in the search for real alternatives rather than in the fluctuating popular consensus or the immediate profit on what is available; perhaps the concrete ecological alternatives are still to be invented or lie in the still theoretical solutions: we must not be under the illusion that eternal batteries or the availability of hydrogen in large volumes are already industrial-grade.

It is very likely that oil and gas will not leave us anytime soon, beyond the thunderous announcements of politicians looking for some quick response to public opinion.

Perhaps the real immediate solution is the reduction of energy consumption, this should not be difficult, if environmental consciences do not lie, even if paradoxically, the ecological transition will need a large amount of fossil fuels (wind turbines, or other solutions, are not made with the magic wand)

The industry has provided us with vehicles that consume and pollute less than previous models; we can give up a bit of travel and a bit of heat in our homes … but it is certainly strange that the same man, who became excessively rich by promoting electric cars and supertrains, also promotes useless and energy-intensive space travel; it is strange that the man who delivers the fruits of globalization home to us only cares about finding a faster way to expand his business, at the expense of more sustainable businesses; it is strange that no one wants to give up chatter, dispersed in millions of useless messages, ignoring the immense absorption of energy for the functioning of algorithms that already claim to be vital.

Perhaps there is, in part already there, a sustainable way to extract oil and gas (certainly abandoning the absurd practice of extraction with destructive methods such as the fragmentation of rock shales). There could be consumption, just as sustainable (intelligent), until science offers us a real alternative.

Surely we could decrease, more rapidly than any other solution, the suffocation of the seas with plastic or the deforestation of the lands: this would give a sure hand to the ecological rebalancing of the Planet.

Leaping through hoops to get out of the fossils too quickly could have worse consequences

Romano Pisciotti

IMG 1966 300x274 NEAR FUTURE FOR OIL Romano Pisciotti
Romano Pisciotti

 

 

 

THE ITALIAN NUCLEAR SUBMARINE

At the end of the 50s many nations both in Western Europe and beyond the Iron Curtain were conducting studies on nuclear energy aimed at expanding their war arsenals, the Government of Rome was concerned by the dynamism shown by Bucharest and Belgrade by constantly monitoring the ‘research institute of Vinca. In addition to this, the Minister of Defense Andreotti strongly supported the need to equip the Navy with nuclear-powered submarines to contrast with the latest models that the Soviets were putting in line or completing.

Furthermore, Andreotti always considered the development of a nuclear attack submarine (SSN) an obligatory step in order to be able to subsequently get to the construction of real attack submarines armed with ballistic missiles (SSBN).

It was decided to develop a boat strongly inspired by the studies on the experimental boat Albacore and similar to the class Skipjack (opening photo) characterized by the elongated teardrop design, rudders placed on the sail and of small dimensions, solutions that allowed it a good degree of agility as well as being able to reach a speed of 30 knots thanks to the thrust of the Westinghouse S5W reactor.

https://en.difesaonline.it/news-forze-armate/storia/classe-marconi-il-tentativo-di-sottomarino-nucleare-italiano?fbclid=IwAR3pGB0vmGdaiewUQ-uWbxYAffQiYw65XmS4gL-ntp5qXdZ1C2BqjGu_QM0

Schermata 2021 10 09 alle 09.52.40 300x289 THE ITALIAN NUCLEAR SUBMARINE Romano Pisciotti

ATTENTION TO THE TRANSITION …. ECOLOGICAL

It is necessary to understand that the technology that will drive the energy transition, whether through green mobility or renewable energy, is mineral-intensive.

Copper, zinc and aluminum are used in the production of photovoltaic panels, wind turbines and electric vehicles.

The consumption of these metals is set to increase dramatically with the development of energy and green mobility, especially since these technologies are particularly mineral-intensive. An offshore wind farm requires 17 times more metal than a gas-fired power plant of the same capacity, an onshore wind farm eight times more and a photovoltaic park nine times more.

DISASTRO ATTENTION TO THE TRANSITION .... ECOLOGICAL Romano Pisciotti

Copper is a key component in the energy transition: while a natural gas power plant needs a ton of copper to produce one megawatt of electricity, it takes twice as much to produce the same amount of energy with onshore wind and three times as much for photovoltaic panels.

The same goes for electric vehicles, which require three to four times more copper than internal combustion vehicles.

MINERALE ATTENTION TO THE TRANSITION .... ECOLOGICAL Romano Pisciotti

All these metals have a common denominator: they are produced by the mining industry, often by companies whose mining or transport activities are often the subject of controversy, with practices that are criticized or even discredited, by those who promote the cause of sustainable development

cile ATTENTION TO THE TRANSITION .... ECOLOGICAL Romano Pisciotti

Browsing the web, translation by Romano Pisciotti

MORE ELECTRIC VEHICLES MORE CO2

Bandiera Inglese e italiaa MORE ELECTRIC VEHICLES MORE CO2 Romano Pisciotti

Akyo Toyoda (PRESIDENTE TOYOTA) mette in guardia la politica: una transizione troppo rapida verso l’auto elettrica rischia di far crollare l’industria.

“Quando i politici fanno sapere di volersi liberare di tutte le auto che usano benzina capiscono cosa significherebbe tutto questo? Più veicoli elettrici produciamo, più salgono le emissioni di anidride carbonica”. Parole pesanti che poi diventano macigni, quando Toyoda afferma che “una eccessiva velocità nella transizione verso l’auto elettrica rischia di far collassare l’attuale modello di business dell’industria”.

GOOGLE TRANSLATOR:“When the politicians say they want to get rid of all the cars that use gasoline, do they understand what all this would mean? The more electric vehicles we produce, the higher the carbon dioxide emissions ”. Heavy words that then become boulders, when Toyoda states that “excessive speed in the transition to the electric car risks collapsing the current business model of the industry”.

akio toyoda toyota 2020 MORE ELECTRIC VEHICLES MORE CO2 Romano Pisciotti

Presentato da Romano Pisciotti

TOYOTA LANCIA ALLARME

Egypt’s SUMED oil pipeline approaches traders hit by Suez blockage

SUMED links the Red and Mediterranean Seas with a capacity of over 2.5 million barrels per day. About 1.3 million bpd flowed through the system in 2018, the US Energy Information Administration said.
The pipeline is majority-owned by Egypt’s state oil company EGPC while Saudi Aramco, the Kuwait Investment Authority and Qatar Petroleum have smaller shares.

pipes Egypt’s SUMED oil pipeline approaches traders hit by Suez blockage Romano Pisciottisumed Egypt’s SUMED oil pipeline approaches traders hit by Suez blockage Romano Pisciotti

 

Simon Rose, co-founder and chief executive officer of Dahlman Rose & Co., discusses the outlook for seaborne trade through the Suez Canal and importance of the SuMed pipeline transporting crude…

Presented by Romano Pisciotti

SPM Egypt’s SUMED oil pipeline approaches traders hit by Suez blockage Romano Pisciotti
SPM

Arab Petroleum Pipeline Co. has established a fully equipped product hub at their Ain Sukhna complex on the Red Sea Coast in Egypt. The hub includes both onshore and offshore facilities. The onshore facility comprises 61 product storage tanks with a total capacity of 2,125 million m³, and two 50 km long unidirectional pipelines to the city of Suez. The diameter of the individual product storage tanks varies from 21 to 59 m.

The offshore facility comprises a jetty and berths (500-160,000 DWT) including a topside pipeline and other auxiliaries. The hub includes an offshore single point mooring for very large crude carriers (VLCC), connected via a sea pipeline. The offshore facility is intended to accommodate future expansions to handle up to 24 million tonnes per annum of various products.

Natural Power trucks

The Stralis Natural Power trucks maximise the environmental advantages of natural gas delivering a reduction of between 40% and 50% in fuel costs compared to their diesel equivalents and emissions reductions of up to 90% of nitrogen dioxide, 99% of particulate matter and 10% carbon dioxide increasing to 95% when biomethane is used.

stralis np 1024x690 Natural Power trucks Romano Pisciotti

Presented by MPI, IVECO Nigeria

Romano Pisciotti

PETROLEUM AND CORONAVIRUS

Since the beginning of the Coronavirus pandemic, there has been a loss of 1/3rd global demand – more than 30 million barrels per day (BPD). 

corona PETROLEUM AND CORONAVIRUS Romano Pisciotti

The virus instilled a level of uncertainty for oil traders, but the catalyst for the initial drop in price can be attributed to the escalating price war between Russia and Saudi for market share, eventually leading Saudi to flood the market with oil.

bella PETROLEUM AND CORONAVIRUS Romano Pisciotti

This oversupply dragged WTI prices below $20 a barrel at the end of March. Thus, increasing divergence in power politics from major producers created an initial frenzy in the oil market and an increasingly unsettling omen for investors.

operai PETROLEUM AND CORONAVIRUS Romano Pisciotti

In macroeconomic terms, Coronavirus has wiped out approximately 25 million jobs in the US, taking out all the jobs created since the 2003 and 2008 recessions. Central Banks globally have cut interest rates, restarted Quantitative Easing and provided other fiscal stimuli to try and keep the economy afloat.

Piattaforma PETROLEUM AND CORONAVIRUS Romano Pisciotti

The longer-term consequences of Coronavirus are still unknown. In the meantime, a deflationary ripple effect across the global economy can be seen, as Central Banks attempt to sustain economies’ survival as the Coronavirus pandemic continues to debilitate businesses and paralyzes transportation worldwide.

 

“The jump in the price of oil to the concrete promise of a vacino must not make us forget the industrial and employment crisis that will hit us in 2021.”

Romano Pisciotti

Oil’s gains weren’t necessarily all about the vaccine, however, with analysts noting remarks by Saudi Arabia’s energy minister that signaled openness to tweaking the agreement between the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and its allies, a group known as OPEC+, on production cuts.

opec PETROLEUM AND CORONAVIRUS Romano Pisciotti

Storia e tecnica: Grandiosi progetti italiani

Il canale del petrolio

The Sumed pipeline (also known as Suez-Mediterranean pipeline) is an oil pipeline in Egypt, running from the Ain Sukhna terminal on the Gulf of Suez to offshore Sidi Kerir, Alexandria on the Mediterranean Sea. It provides an alternative to the Suez Canal for transporting oil from the Persian Gulf region to the Mediterranean.

SUMED LOGO Storia e tecnica: Grandiosi progetti italiani Romano Pisciotti

Il grandioso progetto SUMED (Egitto 1979)

Regia:

Fabio Pellarin

Anno:
1979

Contenuto:


Un consorzio composto da quattro Società italiane, Saipem e Snamprogetti del Gruppo Eni, Montubi e Cimi della Finsider, ha realizzato in Egitto un sistema di oleodotti per il trasporto del greggio da Suez nel Mar Rosso, ad Alessandria, nel Mediterraneo. Il film illustra le varie fasi della realizzazione dell’importante opera.

Genere 

documentario

Edizione:
italiano

 

 

 

The Sumed pipeline is 320 kilometres (200 mi) long. It consists of two parallel lines of 42 inches (1,070 mm) diameter. Its capacity is 2.5 million barrels per day (400×103 m3/d).

trte Storia e tecnica: Grandiosi progetti italiani Romano Pisciotti

In 2009 it carried 1.1 million barrels per day (170×103 m3/d).

TODAY:

Arab Petroleum Pipeline Co. ( SUMED) has established a fully equipped product hub at their Ain Sukhna complex on the Red Sea Coast in Egypt. The hub includes both onshore and offshore facilities. The onshore facility comprises 61 product storage tanks with a total capacity of 2,125 million m³, and two 50 km long unidirectional pipelines to the city of Suez. The diameter of the individual product storage tanks varies from 21 to 59 m.

iut Storia e tecnica: Grandiosi progetti italiani Romano Pisciotti
Single point moron with marine hoses

The offshore facility comprises a jetty and berths (500-160,000 DWT) including a topside pipeline and other auxiliaries. The hub includes an offshore single point mooring for very large crude carriers (VLCC), connected via a sea pipeline and marine hoses. The offshore facility is intended to accommodate future expansions to handle up to 24 million tonnes per annum of various products.

 

Presented by Romano Pisciotti

La Nigeria ha le maggiori riserve di gas in Africa

SBLOCCARE IL GAS NATURALE PER AIUTARE A GENERARE LA CRESCITA ECONOMICA

La Nigeria ha le maggiori riserve di gas in Africa, meno del 25% di tali riserve è oggi sfruttato.

Le società petrolifere presenti in Nigeria continuano a contribuire allo sviluppo economico del paese fornendo gas per soddisfare le esigenze domestiche, la produzione di energia e i processi industriali. Il gas è soprattutto consegnato al mercato di esportazione del gas naturale liquefatto (GNL)

La distribuzione nel Paese, sino a pochi anni fa, era vincolata a piccole condotte private, come ad esempio quella di SHELL, per la fornitura a impianti di generazione di corrente elettrica in aree private ben definite. Esistono diversi progetti per la creazione di centrali con turbine a gas.

Il Governo Federale della Nigeria ha reso prioritario sbloccare e sfruttare il potenziale di questa risorsa per aumentare la fornitura di energia domestica e industriale, aumentare gli standard di vita e sostenere la crescita economica e la diversificazione sostenibili.

ESPANSIONE DELLA PRODUZIONE DI GAS

E’ in via di potenziamento la produzione di gas naturale per l’utilizzo domestico. Ci sono ambizioni di crescita nei settori off-shore che includono l’espansione della produzione di gas naturale.
Il gas rimane una risorsa strategica in un mercato globale sempre più competitivo.

Per la Nigeria la “riserva” principale di gas è il recupero dello stesso nelle aree di produzione petrolifera, dove attualmente viene, minimamente, utilizzato per la re-iniezione nei pozzi, mentre la gran quantità è ancora bruciata nell’atmosfera.

Le attuali opportunità di utilizzare il gas in Nigeria includono: Gas per re-iniezione, Gas per energia, Gas per petrolchimica (come materia prima), Gas naturale liquefatto (GNL), Gas di petrolio liquefatto (GPL) e Gas naturale compresso (GNC).

AUTOTRAZIONE

In Nigeria, l’uso del metano come carburante per autotrazione presenta gli ovvi vantaggi che stanno portando in tutto il mondo a una nuova valorizzazione di questo carburante, ma occorre aggiungere che il Paese, pur essendo uno dei maggiori produttori di petrolio, non è autosufficiente nella produzione di benzina e gasolio:

i prodotti raffinati sono importati e il Governo versa un notevole contributo per calmierarne il prezzo sul mercato locale; oltre a ciò occorre tener presente che il prezzo del gasolio è superiore a quello della benzina e che l’ottanta percento dei trasporti sono effettuati su gomma….è chiaro, da ciò, che i risparmi in gioco nell’utilizzo del metano (GNC) costituiscano un obbiettivo per il Paese e per gli autotrasportatori.

Alcune società sono già impegnate nella distribuzione del gas con auto cisterne per il rifornimento di alcuni clienti o alcuni piccoli distributori, oggi si sta potenziando questa distribuzione con la creazione di vere stazione di servizio e centri di stoccaggio.

Motor Parts Industry, concessionario IVECO

Presentato da Romano Pisciotti ( ITALMOTOR)