STAREMO…FRESCHI

GAS RUSSO
Jean Coffie, cyberattivista geopolitico specializzato in questioni di difesa e sicurezza
Nel 2022 saranno meno di 600 le navi metaniere, ovvero navi specializzate nel trasporto di gas con una capacità media di 140.000 m3 di gas.
 La più grande nave GNL ha una capacità di 260.000 m3 e fornisce prodotti di gas dal Qatar.
 Facciamo un semplice calcolo:
 600 navi metaniere x 140.000 m3 = 84.000.000 m3 di gas, ovvero 600 navi che trasportano gas mondiale possono consegnare 84 milioni di metri cubi al mese.
 Quindi: 84 milioni x 12 = 1.008.000.000 di m3 all’anno.
 La Russia consegna 150 miliardi di m3 all’anno (!) all’UE, sono ancora 27 paesi.
 Grossomodo, gli USA dovrebbero prima detenere tutte le navi da trasporto di gas del pianeta e tutte queste navi dovrebbero comunque essere in grado di effettuare 4 viaggi all’anno per rifornire l’Europa.
 E una volta consegnato il gas liquefatto, dovrebbe comunque essere convertito in gas, tenendo conto del suo trasporto: la bolletta sarà 4 o addirittura 6 volte più cara del gas russo, senza contare l’inquinamento che ne deriva!
 Si consideri che gli Stati Uniti vogliono colmare questa dipendenza consegnando all’Europa 150 miliardi di m3.  Avranno bisogno di 6.000 navi metaniere, oltre a 1.790 viaggi per nave.
 Solo che un viaggio tra USA ed Europa dura in media 1 mese per questo tipo di nave.
 Quindi, per un viaggio di andata e ritorno, le 6.000 navi dovranno effettuare ciascuna 8 viaggi all’anno per colmare questa lacuna.
 Questa analisi solo per farti un’idea della dipendenza europea dal gas russo…
 Il fabbisogno di gas cinese è di 160 miliardi di m3 all’anno, più del consumo annuale europeo.
Conclusione: fare a meno del gas russo in un decennio, per non dire nel prossimo futuro, è perfettamente utopico per l’Europa.
Presentato da Romano Pisciotti

FARINA E PETROLIO IN AFRICA

L’attacco della Russia all’Ucraina e le sanzioni di ritorsione dall’Occidente potrebbero segnalare una buona notizia per le economie legate ai petro dollari come la Nigeria. Il Brent, l’indicatore del petrolio greggio nigeriano, ha superato i 100 dollari al barile per la prima volta dal 2014.

Con l’escalation della crisi Russia-Ucraina, le materie prime come il grano e il mais dovranno affrontare interruzioni dell’approvvigionamento e l’ aumento dei prezzi.

L’effetto a catena sarà pesante per le aziende nigeriane che operano nel settore alimentare che attualmente stanno già affrontando un aumento dei costi di produzione a causa della volatilità del range di cambio.

I dati commerciali hanno mostrato che Egitto, Turchia, Bangladesh e Nigeria erano le principali destinazioni del grano russo nel 2019 e la tendenza non è cambiata.

Il conflitto minaccia la più grande economia africana, la Nigeria, a causa del costo dei prodotti alimentari a base di grano.

La Nigeria, a causa della bassa capacità di raffinazione del grezzo è costretta ad importare benzina e gasoli, il Governo sostiene l’economia calmierando il prezzo di questi prodotti con massicci aiuti.

Lo sviluppo di questa situazione potrebbe significare un aumento del costo della vita per i 250 milioni di abitanti della Nigeria ed esporre ulteriormente la persistente incapacità del paese di trasferire le fortune petrolifere alle realtà economiche, nonostante la sua ricchezza energetica.

La nuova mega raffineria di Dangote dovrebbe entrare in funzione quest’anno, se non subirà ulteriori ritardi, questo dovrebbe permettere al Governo di eliminare totalmente l’enorme spesa per calmierare i prezzi di benzina e diesel.

DANGOTE 300x110 FARINA E PETROLIO IN AFRICA Romano Pisciotti

Le prospettive a medio termine dell'Africa sembrano più ottimistiche con 1,2 milioni di barili al giorno (mb/g) di nuova capacità prevista entro il 2026, metà della quale sarà rappresentata dal progetto di raffineria 650.000 bpd Dangote oil project in Nigeria, che dovrebbe entrare in funzione nel 2022"

Romano Pisciotti

Green Reputation

Non solo le grandi aziende oggi puntano alla sostenibilità come focus di pianificazione di asset e strategie d’investimento, tanto da poter riclassificare il bilancio.

VERDE 300x197 Green Reputation Romano Pisciotti

La sostenibilità oggi rappresenta un elemento chiave per le aziende e racchiude molteplici vantaggi:

Incremento del valore della marca e sviluppo di vantaggi competitivi

Accedere a nuovi mercati o nicchie di mercato legate alla sostenibilità

Accedere a nuove forme di capitali e modelli di business

Minimizzazione dei rischi

Aumento della produttività e riduzione dei costi

Attrazione e mantenimento delle risorse umane

 

PRESENTATO DA ROMANO PISCIOTTI

Rome logo Green Reputation Romano Pisciotti

Romano Pisciotti:

Romano Pisciotti 253x300 Green Reputation Romano Pisciotti

After an important experience as a naval officer, Romano worked on behalf of important international companies (Pirelli, for example) in Italy (his country of origin), Argentina, Brazil, Egypt and Nigeria with full responsibility, in a managerial position.

He actively participated in the start up of new operating units in Italy and abroad;

has been fully involved in the restructuring of companies and the increase in commercial activities. In his various experiences, Romano has led multi-ethnic work teams even in stressful environments.

He lived for over five years in Nigeria, where he had relevant experience as general manager of large industrial groups and in logistics; the current activities still tie him to Africa, in Lagos, as responsible for the development of new strategies in Nigeria for the IVECO, heavy vehicles company.

Romano has never neglected professional updating by continuously following courses at qualified universities.

info: italmotor@gmail.com

 

 

L’ENERGIE NUCLEAIRE EN AFRIQUE… UNE BONNE AFFAIRE ?

Alors qu’une dizaine de pays africains projettent de se tourner vers le nucléaire civil et ont annoncé leur intention de se doter d’une centrale.

Le continent possède 20 % des réserves mondiales d’uranium. Mais le nucléaire civil représente moins de 2 % de sa production énergétique. Potentielle solution pour pallier le déficit d’électricité de l’Afrique, l’énergie atomique séduit de plus en plus. Une dizaine d’États ont déjà annoncé leur intention de se doter d’une centrale. Pour les puissances étrangères, cet engouement est un enjeu commercial de taille et l’occasion d’asseoir un peu plus leur influence sur le continent. Alors que la Chine et la Russie multiplient les projets, les États-Unis tentent de rentrer dans la course.

energia atomica LENERGIE NUCLEAIRE EN AFRIQUE... UNE BONNE AFFAIRE ? Romano Pisciotti

L’Agence internationale de l’énergie n’est pas aussi optimiste que les pays africains. Selon elle, la part de nucléaire dans la production énergétique du continent ne va pas beaucoup augmenter dans les années à venir. En cause, son coût de production, moins compétitif que le renouvelable, mais aussi l’instabilité politique et le contexte sécuritaire tendu des pays intéressés.

https://www.jeuneafrique.com/1089444/politique/infographie-nucleaire-lengouement-africain-aiguise-les-appetits/

Romano Pisciotti : surfer sur le web

NEAR FUTURE FOR OIL

There has been much discussion on the volatility of the price of crude oil: the market rule based on supply and demand, in addition to being subject to the seasonality of consumption and industrial trends, is strongly linked to environmental and social factors that affect the availability of extraction and transportation. Security in some areas of extraction or sea routes is challenged by conflicts or acts of piracy or sabotage, just to name a few well-known issues.

One of the lesser-told factors of the energy crisis that is causing bill costs all over Europe, is the fact that this summer less wind has blown. Especially in the north of the continent, in 2021 the strength of the currents was between 10 and 15% lower than the expected average…slowing down the wind turbines that were supposed to guarantee energy.

pale 300x166 NEAR FUTURE FOR OIL Romano Pisciotti

In fact, it could be said that climate change has already impacted the solutions available to combat climate change!

Even if the human impact on global warming is minimal compared to natural cycles, we must certainly act on the part that depends on us.

Unfortunately, regardless of the will of the various countries to break away from the servitude of fossil fuels, it must be admitted that the renewable sources available are not yet capable of guaranteeing a real ecological transition. Perhaps this is the real reason for the unenthusiastic approach to “changes” of many Rulers … if not for the generic statements that commit the distant future more than the present and more for coal alone.

Except for the young people who follow Greta, animated by youthful dreams and impulses, everyone can understand that forcing the industry with too rapid change could mean a stalemate or the destruction of the economies of many countries, if not the whole world. After all, no one – not even most young dreamers – is willing to make a drastic life change.

Economic collapse is as dangerous as the effects of climate change.

We could easily have a large amount of energy from hydroelectric and nuclear sources, but there is already an endless discussion about the safety and disposal of nuclear waste or other environmental discussions related to large dams.

The political and industrial commitment must be in the search for real alternatives rather than in the fluctuating popular consensus or the immediate profit on what is available; perhaps the concrete ecological alternatives are still to be invented or lie in the still theoretical solutions: we must not be under the illusion that eternal batteries or the availability of hydrogen in large volumes are already industrial-grade.

It is very likely that oil and gas will not leave us anytime soon, beyond the thunderous announcements of politicians looking for some quick response to public opinion.

Perhaps the real immediate solution is the reduction of energy consumption, this should not be difficult, if environmental consciences do not lie, even if paradoxically, the ecological transition will need a large amount of fossil fuels (wind turbines, or other solutions, are not made with the magic wand)

The industry has provided us with vehicles that consume and pollute less than previous models; we can give up a bit of travel and a bit of heat in our homes … but it is certainly strange that the same man, who became excessively rich by promoting electric cars and supertrains, also promotes useless and energy-intensive space travel; it is strange that the man who delivers the fruits of globalization home to us only cares about finding a faster way to expand his business, at the expense of more sustainable businesses; it is strange that no one wants to give up chatter, dispersed in millions of useless messages, ignoring the immense absorption of energy for the functioning of algorithms that already claim to be vital.

Perhaps there is, in part already there, a sustainable way to extract oil and gas (certainly abandoning the absurd practice of extraction with destructive methods such as the fragmentation of rock shales). There could be consumption, just as sustainable (intelligent), until science offers us a real alternative.

Surely we could decrease, more rapidly than any other solution, the suffocation of the seas with plastic or the deforestation of the lands: this would give a sure hand to the ecological rebalancing of the Planet.

Leaping through hoops to get out of the fossils too quickly could have worse consequences

Romano Pisciotti

IMG 1966 300x274 NEAR FUTURE FOR OIL Romano Pisciotti
Romano Pisciotti

 

 

 

THE ITALIAN NUCLEAR SUBMARINE

At the end of the 50s many nations both in Western Europe and beyond the Iron Curtain were conducting studies on nuclear energy aimed at expanding their war arsenals, the Government of Rome was concerned by the dynamism shown by Bucharest and Belgrade by constantly monitoring the ‘research institute of Vinca. In addition to this, the Minister of Defense Andreotti strongly supported the need to equip the Navy with nuclear-powered submarines to contrast with the latest models that the Soviets were putting in line or completing.

Furthermore, Andreotti always considered the development of a nuclear attack submarine (SSN) an obligatory step in order to be able to subsequently get to the construction of real attack submarines armed with ballistic missiles (SSBN).

It was decided to develop a boat strongly inspired by the studies on the experimental boat Albacore and similar to the class Skipjack (opening photo) characterized by the elongated teardrop design, rudders placed on the sail and of small dimensions, solutions that allowed it a good degree of agility as well as being able to reach a speed of 30 knots thanks to the thrust of the Westinghouse S5W reactor.

https://en.difesaonline.it/news-forze-armate/storia/classe-marconi-il-tentativo-di-sottomarino-nucleare-italiano?fbclid=IwAR3pGB0vmGdaiewUQ-uWbxYAffQiYw65XmS4gL-ntp5qXdZ1C2BqjGu_QM0

Schermata 2021 10 09 alle 09.52.40 300x289 THE ITALIAN NUCLEAR SUBMARINE Romano Pisciotti

ATTENTION TO THE TRANSITION …. ECOLOGICAL

It is necessary to understand that the technology that will drive the energy transition, whether through green mobility or renewable energy, is mineral-intensive.

Copper, zinc and aluminum are used in the production of photovoltaic panels, wind turbines and electric vehicles.

The consumption of these metals is set to increase dramatically with the development of energy and green mobility, especially since these technologies are particularly mineral-intensive. An offshore wind farm requires 17 times more metal than a gas-fired power plant of the same capacity, an onshore wind farm eight times more and a photovoltaic park nine times more.

DISASTRO ATTENTION TO THE TRANSITION .... ECOLOGICAL Romano Pisciotti

Copper is a key component in the energy transition: while a natural gas power plant needs a ton of copper to produce one megawatt of electricity, it takes twice as much to produce the same amount of energy with onshore wind and three times as much for photovoltaic panels.

The same goes for electric vehicles, which require three to four times more copper than internal combustion vehicles.

MINERALE ATTENTION TO THE TRANSITION .... ECOLOGICAL Romano Pisciotti

All these metals have a common denominator: they are produced by the mining industry, often by companies whose mining or transport activities are often the subject of controversy, with practices that are criticized or even discredited, by those who promote the cause of sustainable development

cile ATTENTION TO THE TRANSITION .... ECOLOGICAL Romano Pisciotti

Browsing the web, translation by Romano Pisciotti

MORE ELECTRIC VEHICLES MORE CO2

Bandiera Inglese e italiaa MORE ELECTRIC VEHICLES MORE CO2 Romano Pisciotti

Akyo Toyoda (PRESIDENTE TOYOTA) mette in guardia la politica: una transizione troppo rapida verso l’auto elettrica rischia di far crollare l’industria.

“Quando i politici fanno sapere di volersi liberare di tutte le auto che usano benzina capiscono cosa significherebbe tutto questo? Più veicoli elettrici produciamo, più salgono le emissioni di anidride carbonica”. Parole pesanti che poi diventano macigni, quando Toyoda afferma che “una eccessiva velocità nella transizione verso l’auto elettrica rischia di far collassare l’attuale modello di business dell’industria”.

GOOGLE TRANSLATOR:“When the politicians say they want to get rid of all the cars that use gasoline, do they understand what all this would mean? The more electric vehicles we produce, the higher the carbon dioxide emissions ”. Heavy words that then become boulders, when Toyoda states that “excessive speed in the transition to the electric car risks collapsing the current business model of the industry”.

akio toyoda toyota 2020 MORE ELECTRIC VEHICLES MORE CO2 Romano Pisciotti

Presentato da Romano Pisciotti

TOYOTA LANCIA ALLARME

Egypt’s SUMED oil pipeline approaches traders hit by Suez blockage

SUMED links the Red and Mediterranean Seas with a capacity of over 2.5 million barrels per day. About 1.3 million bpd flowed through the system in 2018, the US Energy Information Administration said.
The pipeline is majority-owned by Egypt’s state oil company EGPC while Saudi Aramco, the Kuwait Investment Authority and Qatar Petroleum have smaller shares.

pipes Egypt’s SUMED oil pipeline approaches traders hit by Suez blockage Romano Pisciottisumed Egypt’s SUMED oil pipeline approaches traders hit by Suez blockage Romano Pisciotti

 

Simon Rose, co-founder and chief executive officer of Dahlman Rose & Co., discusses the outlook for seaborne trade through the Suez Canal and importance of the SuMed pipeline transporting crude…

Presented by Romano Pisciotti

SPM Egypt’s SUMED oil pipeline approaches traders hit by Suez blockage Romano Pisciotti
SPM

Arab Petroleum Pipeline Co. has established a fully equipped product hub at their Ain Sukhna complex on the Red Sea Coast in Egypt. The hub includes both onshore and offshore facilities. The onshore facility comprises 61 product storage tanks with a total capacity of 2,125 million m³, and two 50 km long unidirectional pipelines to the city of Suez. The diameter of the individual product storage tanks varies from 21 to 59 m.

The offshore facility comprises a jetty and berths (500-160,000 DWT) including a topside pipeline and other auxiliaries. The hub includes an offshore single point mooring for very large crude carriers (VLCC), connected via a sea pipeline. The offshore facility is intended to accommodate future expansions to handle up to 24 million tonnes per annum of various products.