Berlin protest against TTIP trade deal draws thousands

Thousands have protested in the German capital Berlin against a planned free-trade deal between the EU and US.
Organisers said 250,000 people took part in the rally; police put the figure at around 100,000.
Opponents of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) say it is undemocratic and threatens consumer and worker rights.
But supporters of the deal, which lowers trade barriers, say it would boost economies and create jobs.
Hundreds of buses shuttled protesters to Saturday’s demonstration in the German capital.
“We are here because we do not want to leave the future to markets, but on the contrary to save democracy,” Michael Mueller, president of the ecological organisation German Friends of Nature, told AFP.

Berlin  300x169 Berlin protest against TTIP trade deal draws thousands Romano Pisciotti
Berlin

Game theory – Europe

 

Thinking about this situation in terms of game theory isn’t terribly illuminating. The academic discipline that goes by the name is a branch of mathematics founded in the interwar years by the brilliant polymath John von Neumann, who was also involved at Los Alamos in the construction of the first atomic bomb. According to Neumann’s theory, human beings make rational choices aiming to achieve results that are best for each of them. Applied in the context of the post-war nuclear stand-off, the theory produced “mutually assured destruction” – the balance of terror that has prevented full-scale war between nuclear-armed states. It has also been applied widely in economics and business management, and with some success.
The trouble with game theory is that it assumes human action is essentially strategic or instrumental in nature – in other words, that humans act in order to achieve some definite result or pay-off. In many situations this model fits reasonably well. It can be useful in thinking about how to get a pay rise, or bargain for a lower price when buying something you want. Politicians often apply game-theoretic strategies in their dealings with opponents, by presenting them with policy options that reveal their vulnerabilities, for example. Game theory can also be useful in military situations – not only nuclear stand-offs, but also in identifying targets of terrorist activity and computing the optimal paths of missiles.

applications 300x232 Game theory   Europe Romano Pisciotti
Europe and USA compare Games and strategies

But not all of human behaviour fits a model of strategic reasoning. We humans don’t act only in order to bring about results. We also act to express ourselves, to show the kind of human being we are or want to be. Behaviour of this expressive kind can be admirable and noble. It would be difficult to come up with compelling strategic reasons for Winston Churchill’s decision to lead Britain in fighting on against Nazism in May 1940. Churchill may have thought that Britain would be better off being defeated, even in strategic terms, than it would be if it reached some sort of compromise with Germany, since there was little reason to believe that Hitler would keep to the terms of any deal. But the real reason for Churchill’s decision was a conception of civilisation that precluded a shameful peace with the worst sort of barbarism. Fighting on was better, even if the consequence could be known in advance to be certain defeat.
Acting without regard to consequences is part of what it means to be human. By acting in this way we give meaning to our lives. But this human trait becomes dangerous when leaders pursue a project that not only can’t succeed, but is destroyed by the very process of trying to achieve it. The euro is one such project. It was known in advance that it couldn’t work. To go on with the project isn’t simply to compound the error that was made when the currency was set up. It’s an act of folly.
Having identified themselves with an unrealisable project, European leaders are committed to pursuing it to the bitter end. It’s not just their reputation and pensions that are at stake. The euro embodies a vision of an ideal Europe that has become part of the meaning of their lives. Conceived in the aftermath of World War Two, the European Union was meant as a way of leaving behind forever the conflicts between nation-states that had wracked the continent in the past. The paradox is that by pursuing this dream, Europe’s elites have locked themselves into a project that can only deepen Europe’s divisions and inflame the forces of nationalism.

John von Neumann 1903-1957

Born in Hungary, von Neumann was one of the world’s foremost mathematicians by his mid-20s
Pioneered game theory and was one of the conceptual inventors of the stored-program digital computer, alongside Alan Turing and Claude Shannon
Also performed pivotal work on quantum theory and the atomic bomb
Encyclopedia Britannica: John von Neumann

INTERESTING LINKS
HOW THE GAME THEORY WORKS – INTERACTIVE GAMES ONLINE

www.gametheory.net/html/applets.html
BIMATRIX GAMES SOLVER

http://banach.lse.ac.uk/form.html (arbitrary number of strategies)
MATRIX GAMES SOLVER

http://banach.lse.ac.uk/form.html (at most 5×5 strategies)
REPEATED PRISONER DILEMMA

http://www.lifl.fr/IPD/ipd.html.en

Repeated games of two players (for various strategies combinations):

http://www.lifl.fr/IPD/applet-match.html.en

Tournament (number scores of various strategies):
http://www.lifl.fr/IPD/applet-tournament.html.en

The evolution of a population with strategies in question:
http://www.lifl.fr/IPD/applet-evolution.html.en

Romano Pisciotti, surfing web

IMG 1770 181x300 Game theory   Europe Romano Pisciotti
Cpt. Romano Pisciotti

U-boat

U boat U boat Romano Pisciotti
U boat

U-boat is the anglicised version of the German word U-Boot [ˈuːboːt] , a shortening of Unterseeboot, literally “undersea boat”. While the German term refers to any submarine, the English one (in common with several other languages) refers specifically to military submarines operated by Germany, particularly in the Firstand Second World Wars. Although at times they were efficient fleet weapons against enemy naval warships, they were most effectively used in an economic warfare role (commerce raiding), enforcing a naval blockadeagainst enemy shipping. The primary targets of the U-boat campaigns in both wars were the merchant convoys bringing supplies from Canada, the British Empire, and the United States to the islands of the United Kingdom and (during the Second World War) to the Soviet Union and the Allied territories in the Mediterranean.

 

Romano Pisciotti, surfing web

Volkswagen overtakes Toyota in sales

VW Volkswagen overtakes Toyota in sales Romano Pisciotti

Germany’s Volkswagen became the world’s biggest-selling vehicle maker in the first half of the year, overtaking Toyota for the first time.

VW2 Volkswagen overtakes Toyota in sales Romano PisciottiVW sold 5.04 million cars between January and June – slightly more than the 5.02 million sold by Toyota.

 

 

VW3 Volkswagen overtakes Toyota in sales Romano Pisciotti angela merkel Volkswagen overtakes Toyota in sales Romano Pisciotti

 

July 2015

Romano Pisciotti

 

 

Germany Postpones Highway Toll for Foreign Cars

Move follows legal action by the European Commission, which says the levy is discriminatory

angela Germany Postpones Highway Toll for Foreign Cars Romano Pisciotti

 

The Commission said Thursday the de facto exemption of German-registered cars from the charge constitutes discrimination based on nationality. It also described the price of short-term permits, which are expected to be commonly used by foreign drivers, as “disproportionately high.”

 

Romano Pisciotti, surfing web